Dekton is the new ultracompact surface created through the innovative combination of more than 20 minerals. New techniques such as ultracompaction and synthesization turn Dekton into a material with unique properties and limitless possibilities – an improved version of natural stone. PST is a process that sinters mineral particles so that they link up and change their internal structure. PST technology completely synthesises innovative procedures from the most advanced technology industries. This evolution represents a technological and industrial leap capable of generating a new process, a revolutionary material and a leading product. Dekton uses the exclusive PST technology, a technological process that uses an accelerated version of the metamorphic changes that natural stone undergoes from exposure to high pressure and high temperatures for thousands of years. It features virtually zero porosity and its non-existence of microflaws, that cause tension and weaknesses, set Dekton apart from other materials. 

*full specification below

Dekton is the Ideal application, for beautiful surfaces, inside and outside. Work tops, facades, cladding, swimming pool areas and impressive reception areas. The best way to show material is with examples in imagery, courtesy of Cosentino, the manufacturers for whom we work closely with as preferred agents.

Swimming Pool and Façade Areas - Courtesy Cosentino

Outside and BBQ areas - Courtesy Cosentino

Large Surface Reception Areas - Courtesy Cosentino

If Your Corporate logo is sliced tomatoes..............?

Exclusive Design and Logo’s

The only limits when referring to this material is creativity. Where are the limits? Inspired by the decorated walls in prehistoric age (e.g. Altamira) we can draw ideas and log0’s on a more practical surface that allows us to design the detailed structure of tomatoes on a mosaic floor – slab by slab, thousands of them, each of them with a different graphic using 21st century technology inkjet on  a material which is always the same yet versatile in so many ways.

Pedestrian Area Baku International Airport - Courtesy Cosentino

Remember, Cheap becomes expensive when you add maintenance costs and repairs.......?

*Comparing DEKTON® With Marble

When asked how DEKTON® compares with other materials we have seen that there are many things to consider when comparing the two materials side by side. When we make the comparison we look at the characteristics of marble and DEKTON®. Then we discuss some of the benefits that each material offers. So without further ado, let’s get to work at looking at our comparison; DEKTON® vs. marble.

Characteristics of Marble

We start with the characteristics of marble as we compare these materials. Marble is a natural stone that is quarried out of the ground and cut into slabs using various kinds of cutting techniques. Marble has been used in design and architecture for centuries and has proven to be a very durable material for constructing buildings of all types. Additionally, marble is used for creating sculptures and has long been used in such a capacity. Why is marble such a popular and historically rich building material? The answer lies in the characteristics this beautiful stone contains.

Marble’s Composition

As we mentioned, marble is a natural stone that forms over many, many, centuries. Wikipedia defines marble this way:

Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Marble is typically not foliated, although there are exceptions. In geology, the term “marble” refers to metamorphosed limestone, but its use in stone masonry more broadly encompasses unmetamorphosed limestone. Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material.

To simplify the explanation, marble is a rock that is composed of “calcium carbonate” or “dolomite”. These minerals are related in that each of them is a carbonate mineral. However, they differ in chemical composition; with dolomite containing magnesium along with calcium. Marble can be composed of either type of carbonate. That might not seem like that big of a deal at the moment, but it is and we explain it later but for now, let’s focus on some of the marble’s other characteristics.

Visual Appearance of Marble

Marble’s visual appearance varies somewhat. However, the purest marbles are white in color. Other marbles might contain impurities such as clay minerals or other materials like iron oxide or bituminous substances. This means that marble can actually come in various colors since the aforementioned impurities produce colors other than white.

These impurities change the color of marble, but there are also products called stone dyes that can be used to alter the color of natural stone surfaces. This means that marble can actually be used in a variety of designs and color palettes.

Because of its composition, marble can be polished to a high sheen. This makes it suitable for glossy surfaces like countertops, floor panels, and more applications.

How Hard Is Marble?

Compared with other natural stones, marble is relatively soft. How soft? Well, on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, marble is about a 3. The scale ranges from 1 to 10 and is used for determining the hardness of natural stone surfaces. Since marble is a “soft” stone, it can be worked with easily. However, selecting the proper tools for fabricating marble is important. For example, using a diamond blade that is not designed for working with soft stone can make cutting very difficult.

Without going into too much detail, different blades are designed for cutting specific materials. Because of this, there are blades for cutting marble as well as blades for cutting other types of materials.

Characteristics of DEKTON® Ultracompact Surfaces

In contrast to marble, DEKTON® is a material that does not form on its own, naturally. Since DEKTON® is produced in a controlled manner by humans using a proprietary process and recipe.

The technology of Sintered Particles

TSP, or Technology of Sintered Particles, is the process used to create DEKTON®. This process represents an accelerated version of the metamorphic process of stone. TSP uses a specific recipe of natural minerals found in stone and puts them through a process that uses intense heat and other forces (pressure, electricity, etc.) to induce the transformation of the particles into a solid mass of material. This material is DEKTON®

Composition of DEKTON®

As mentioned, DEKTON® is composed of natural minerals. When these minerals are transformed into DEKTON®, The composition of the material is affected by the minerals that were used. Since very durable minerals commonly found in hard natural stone are used, the result is a very hard material.

How Hard Is DEKTON®?

DEKTON® is an extremely hard material. It registers at 8 on the Mohs scale. Because it is so hard, the material must be worked on using specific techniques and best practices. The techniques and best practices for working with DEKTON® are determined by Cosentino, the manufacturer of the material. Cosentino offers a complete guide to using this material that covers specific practices that should be followed for the best results.

As we mentioned with marble, cutting stone materials and Ultracompact surfaces like DEKTON® require specially designed blades. As a result, there is a list of approved DEKTON® tools and approved DEKTON® blades that are used for cutting this material.

Comparing DEKTON® & Marble

So how do these two materials stack up against one another? Let’s consider each area one at a time and discuss how each area translates into practical value.

Hardness: comparing marble’s hardness with that of DEKTON® Ultracompact Surfaces, we find that DEKTON® is much harder than marble. This characteristic significantly contributes to the scratch resistance of a material.

Scratch Resistance: the harder that material the more scratch-resistant the surface is. Because DEKTON® registers at 8 on the Mohs scale and marble at a 3, it stands to reason then that DEKTON® would be more scratch-resistant.

Color Variations: since marble is a material that forms naturally and is free from the control of human intervention, there is relatively more of a color variation than that of DEKTON®. Yet, it also means that the consistency is not as regular. For example, looking at slabs in a slab yard, one might see a marble slab that is very desirable. however, trying to find the exact same look in another slab yard would be difficult, to say the least. On the other hand, DEKTON® colors are consistent and there is a very diverse selection of colors from which to choose. Getting the same appearance form to different suppliers is much easier than it would be with marble.

Heat Resistance: both marble and DEKTON® are heat resistant and can withstand temperatures around the household environment. However, DEKTON® is more resistant to heat than marble. As a precaution, it is commonly recommended that a hot pad or trivet be used on a marble surface. On the other hand, Cosentino actually promotes the fact that hot pans can go directly on DEKTON® surfaces.

Stain Resistance: this aspect of a stone is heavily dependent on the stone’s porosity. Since marble is a naturally forming material and cannot be controlled, its porosity can vary but all marble requires sealing. Because of this fact, porosity tests need to be performed periodically to check the absorption of a given slab. This test reveals whether a surface is ready for another sealing. DEKTON® though is non-porous and does not need to be sealed. It is nonabsorbent and any substance that gets on the surface stays there and is not absorbed.

Table of Characteristics

Of course, ratings can be subjective. However, based on the content outlined in this article, the following table summarizes an estimation of various characteristics in a comparative format as a general guideline for comparing the two materials.

Characteristic Ratings on 1-10 Scale
CharacteristicDEKTON®Marble
Hardness On Mohs Scale83
Scratch Resistance84
Color Variations67
Heat Resistance87
Stain Resistance94

Comparing DEKTON® with natural stone like marble is a good exercise. It allows for a clear comparison to be made; lining up characteristics and looking at the benefits of each. For many, having a stone surface that is extremely hard as well as heat, scratch, and stain resistant is very appealing. If that is you, we encourage you to look into DEKTON® Ultracompact surfaces.

StoneMasters are preferred partners for Dekton. Call us Today 0208 8566 8222 or Visit our showroom?

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